While the pictures snapped by planetary spacecraft provide a great deal of scientific insight, they can provide a great deal of artistic appeal as well. This enhanced-color composite of Jupiter, from the Voyager 1 spacecraft in 1979, shows the Great Red Spot, a storm system that is about twice as wide as Earth, as well as smaller storms around it. It also shows bands of clouds that encircle the planet. The lighter bands represent higher clouds, while the darker bands are gaps in the clouds, allowing scientists to see much deeper into the giant planet's atmosphere. Yet the image also has the quality of an Impressionist painting, providing an ethereal view of the turbulent planet. [NASA/JPL]
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Moon and Planets III
Art and science intersect in beautiful fashion in the cloudtops of Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system.
The planet is beautiful enough just to the naked eye. Tonight, it looks even better than usual because it's just to the left of the crescent Moon in the evening sky. Jupiter looks like a brilliant cream-colored star. Even-brighter Venus, the "evening star," is well below Jupiter and the Moon.
Close-up images from spacecraft at Jupiter reveal even greater beauty, though — streamers and curls of soft color that look like the bold brushstrokes of an Impressionist painter.
Jupiter is basically a big ball of gas that's topped by clouds made of water, ammonia, sulfur, and other compounds. The giant planet spins on its axis once every 10 hours, which stretches the clouds into globe-circling bands.
But those bands are quite dynamic. Strong winds, rapidly rising clouds, and the interplay of adjoining bands create swirls, streamers, pinwheels, and other beautiful shapes. They're colored in shades of white, blue, tan, and orange by different chemical compounds.
Many of these artistic creations are really storm systems that are thousands of miles across. The largest of all, the Great Red Spot, is twice as wide as Earth. It, too, has a painterly look, with spiraling bands that resemble the sky in Vincent Van Gogh's "Starry Night" — broad brushstrokes painted in the sky of a giant, dynamic world.
Script by Damond Benningfield, Copyright 2011