Neptune's Triton

Triton is a world like no other. Geysers of gas and dust spew high into the sky, flowing ice carves a landscape that looks like the skin of a cantaloupe, and temperatures are so cold that water is frozen as hard as granite.

Triton At a Glance


1846, William Lassell


1,680 miles
2,704 km

Distance from Neptune

220,438 miles
354,760 km

Orbital Period

5.9 days

Triton, the largest satellite of Neptune, orbits in the opposite direction from most moons, suggesting that Neptune captured it in the distant past. Millions of years from now, Triton will move so close to Neptune that tidal forces will rip Triton apart, forming bright new rings around the giant planet.

Most of what we know about Triton came from Voyager 2, which photographed a landscape that is tinted subtle shades of pink, brown, and blue. Much of it resembles a cantaloupe, with ridges thousands of feet tall. Flowing ice or vaporizing gas may have carved this wrinkly terrain.

Voyager's most intriguing discovery was the geysers. Icy material jets about five miles high; above that, winds blow it parallel to the surface before it settles. Voyager found large dark streaks on Triton's surface that may have been created by other geysers over the past few thousand years.

Triton may get even more interesting over the next few years because one of its poles is warming up. Ice should vaporize, making the atmosphere thicker. The thicker atmosphere and higher temperatures on Triton could create more and bigger geysers, and spread their plumes over larger regions of this frigid moon.


©2015 The University of Texas McDonald Observatory