Mariner Probes

A series of American interplanetary missions. In 1962, Mariner 2 staged the first successful encounter with another planet when it flew past Venus. Its instruments recorded Venus' surface temperature and pressure, and the composition of its atmosphere and the clouds that envelope the planet. The next successful mission in the series, Mariner 4, snapped the first close-range pictures of Mars in 1965. The images revealed a Moon-like landscape. Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit Mars, and found that the planet has a much more varied and interesting surface than scientists had expected. Mariner 10 flew by Mercury three times in 1974 and 1975, and mapped about half of its battered, Moon-like surface, which is dominated by impact craters. Other successful missions in the series included Mariner 5 to Venus and Mariner 6 and 7 to Mars.


Mercury Tiny, cratered Mercury is the closest planet to...

Radio Programs

More Mariner 4 Changing the concept of Mars Tuesday, July 14, 2015
Mariner 4 Getting the first good look at Mars Monday, July 13, 2015
Mariner 10 at Mercury A first look at a little planet Saturday, March 29, 2014
More Mariner 2 Destroying a “second Earth” Friday, December 14, 2012
Mariner 2 Pioneering a path to another world Thursday, December 13, 2012

Featured Images

First Eyes on Mars Monday, July 13, 2015
Mariner 10 at Mercury
First Encounter Saturday, March 29, 2014
Artist's concept of Mariner 2 flying past Venus, December 14, 1962
First Encounter Thursday, December 13, 2012


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