A Swiss mathematician and physicist who lived from 1879 to 1955. Einstein was born in Germany to Jewish parents, and after moving to Switzerland, he took a job at a patent office. When he began publishing scientific papers, he quickly rose to fame and was recognized as a leading thinker of the time. He held several professorial positions in Switzerland, Germany, and the United States during his lifetime. In 1922, Einstein won a Nobel Prize for work he had done with the Photoelectric Effect. Over the course of his life, Einstein made major advances in physics, such as developing the Theory of Special Relativity and the Theory of General Relativity. He was arguably the most important physicist of the 20th century.