A Danish astronomer who lived from 1546 to 1601. In 1576, the King of Denmark granted him the island of Hveen on which to establish an observatory. Since this was before the invention of the telescope, he designed his own equipment for unaided eye observations. Until 1597 he made very accurate observations at Hveen, then moved to Prague. His very detailed records were later used by Johannes Kepler to discern Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.